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How to Extract Unzip tar.gz Files: Step-by-Step Windows and Linux Guide

Alternatively, you can also specify a source and destination file path when using the tar utility. Unlike Windows’ convenient graphical user interface (GUI) for unzipping .zip files, you’ll need to use the tar utility through the command line. However, there are also many third-party tools you can install for a more user-friendly experience. From videos to entire software packages, many files are compressed and stored using the .tar.gz format.

Note that this command will throw an error unless you specify the exact filename listed in the .tar file. As we’ll cover more in the next section, you can verify file names by listing contents with the tar -tf filename.tar.gz command. For sending and storing, both .zip and .tar.gz files will allow you to send relatively large packages as a single file.

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  1. If you plan to distribute and store .tar.gz files on your website, Kinsta’s managed hosting services can help make the most of your space.
  2. But it does not compress the data, which results in a larger file size compared to compressed formats.
  3. The name “Tar” stands for “Tape Archiver” because it was used to place data on storage tapes when tar was invented.
  4. Sometimes you need to view the content of a tar file as it collects many files and ensures if a specific file is present.

The files will be extracted to the selected location. The -C option is used to specify a different directory other than the current working this country could soon make bitcoin its official currency directory. The name “Tar” stands for “Tape Archiver” because it was used to place data on storage tapes when tar was invented.

As you might imagine, using a different compression utility on a .tar file will result in a different double extension. Some common examples include .tar.bz2 (bzip2), .tar.br (Brotli), and .tar.zst (zstd), among many others. To unzip the .tar.gz files, you’ll need to use specific commands and tools depending on your operating system. Let’s explore the extraction process for both Linux & Windows platforms. Usually, tar files are more common with Ubuntu (other Linux distros) and macOS users for data archival and backups. However, Windows 10 users may also come across these files, which is a reason to have a way to extract their contents.

How to Unzip .tar.gz in Linux via Terminal

Mauro Huculak is a Windows How-To Expert who started Pureinfotech in 2010 as an independent online publication. He has also been a Windows Central contributor for nearly a decade. Mauro has over 14 years of experience writing comprehensive guides and creating professional videos about Windows and software, including Android and Linux. Before becoming a technology writer, he was an IT administrator for seven years. In total, Mauro has over 20 years of combined experience in technology. You can follow him on X (Twitter), YouTube, LinkedIn and About.me.

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Generally speaking, a collection of files archived and compressed as a .tar.gz will be more space-efficient (i.e., smaller) than the same collection compressed as a .zip. The tar command also provides support for extracting only specific files or directories from a .tar.gz file. Simply add a space-separated list of the files you want to extract. Most Linux distributions and macOS include built-in tools for zipping and unzipping .tar and .tar.gz files. While the tar utility is enough for most purposes, you’ll need the gzip utility to create .tar.gz files.

Is .tar.gz More Efficient Than .zip?

Now you know how to untar a tar.gz file in Linux. Perhaps you might also be interested in learning how to unzip files in Linux. Sometimes you need to view the content of a tar file as it collects many files and ensures if a specific file is present. Starting from Windows 10 build 17063, tar and curl are supported, therefore it is possible to unzip a .tar.gz file in one step by using tar command, as below. In this example, the user tried to extract the file titled “FILE” from filename.tar.gz. However, tar was unable to find FILE within .tar.gz, meaning that the user either misspelled the name or that the file simply doesn’t exist in filename.tar.gz.

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But with .zip being the easier of the two to use, why use .tar in the first place? As we’ll see in the next section, .tar comes with a few extra features that make it the better compression format for certain files and applications. A “.tar” file is a collection of files compressed into a single file or archive. Short for “Tape ARchive,” the name “TAR” is a throwback to when files were stored on magnetic tape drives. A user-friendly way to extract files from a .tar.gz archive is via a Graphical User Interface (GUI).

While every tar.gz file is a .tar archive, not every .gz is a .tar file. The .gz extension represents the gzip compression format, which can be applied to almost any file format to compress data and save space. As we’ll see later, different compression utilities may require different methods for extracting and unzipping files. Though we’ll mostly focus on .tar.gz files, check out the end of the article for some quick tips on extracting .tar files in other formats.

When you extract files from a .tar.gz archive, the checksum is automatically verified to detect & handle any potential data corruption. However, Windows 10 includes native support for tar files, and you can use Command Prompt to extract these files. Or you can even use the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) that includes native support for Ubuntu, Fedora, SUSE, and many other distros.

Where most operating systems make it easy to extract and create .zip files, the same can’t really be said for .tar files — at least not in ways that are easy to notice. In Linux, users have multiple ways to extract .tar.gz files – through the terminal and graphical file archivers. The extraction method is precisely the same for tar files that have compression, asynchronous javascript learn web development mdn such as.tar.gz,.tar.bz2, and others. People new to the .tar format usually equate it to a .zip archive, but a tar archive is not compressed. Tar collected all the files into one package, but the files can be compressed with separate utilities. It’s often useful to list the contents of a .tar.gz file without having to unzip the entire archive.

Most Linux distributions come with the tar command pre-installed by default. Are you facing the issue of low memory error on your system while performing basic tasks on your Windows PC? Here we list out several possible solutions for fixing this error. Evaluate the performance and functionality of your CPU with the best CPU benchmark tools. Gain insights on software speed, hardware problems, and more. This simplifies file management and reduces the risk of data loss during transfers.

It also integrates with the Windows Explorer context menu, which enables users to create and extract archives directly from the right-click menu. You can easily extract .tar.gz files using third-party tools like 7 zip and Winrar on the Windows system. You can notice in the above image that the archive files are extracted in the cardano price prediction 2020 same working directory. Then we’ll jump into the step-by-step process of unzipping on both Linux and Windows platforms. It is assumed that you are extracting a tarball created on another system. We are skipping some arguments usually necessary to preserve permissions, which on Windows 10 are not required to access the files.

Right-click the first result and select the “Run as administrator” option. The output shows a newly created archive example1.tar.gz. It just bundles files & directories together while preserving their file structure and metadata. This means it takes all the specified files and puts them together into one container. Ubuntu versions are usually named using an alliterative adjective and an animal name, both starting with the same letter.

Another common cause of errors is case sensitivity, where Linux treats “FILE” and “file” as two separate entities. This error occurs when trying to extract specific files or directories from a .tar.gz file using tar. While there are many tools to choose from, the most popular include 7-Zip and WinZip.

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